Jiu Jitsu is a popular form of combat-oriented Martial Art that focuses on movement and balance as opposed to offensive striking. It is perfect for parents who want their kids to both learn control and self-defense. It’s great for kids because it provides a competitive environment in which students can not only grow strong physically, but mentally as well.
This form of martial arts is also a viable, challenging and fun activity for adults. It train students for self-defense as well as physical fitness. No matter what age, Jiu Jitsu instruction is the perfect blend of strength and control for one’s physical and moral selves.
Jiu Jitsu was founded during Japan’s feudal era. It was developed by a military tactician by combining multiple forms of martial arts. This form, unlike others, was specifically invented to be used in close combat where weapons became too cumbersome and unable to be properly used. Over time, traditional weapons and armor started to disappear from normal combat situations and Jiu Jitsu evolved.
During this time, striking movements were added to the discipline but were later taken out of the traditional version. Many of the martial art forms we know today have been greatly influenced by traditional Jiu Jitsu, some descendants of the traditional form still teach striking such as Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. Some other descendants also include Judo, Sambo, and many others.
Jiu Jitsu instruction is for those who wish to train their mind and their body, but not focus on the principle of attack. This is a defensive martial art form. Rather than focusing on fighting force with force, it is about manipulation and balance. Through the manipulation of body and force, the instructor can help a student work with their opponent’s movement to direct attacks rather than stop attacks.
This form focuses particularly on learning how to remove oneself from an opponent’s grasp by shifting positions of both contenders’ bodies to either manipulate an attack or evade it completely. Although some strikes are practiced, the majority of offensive training focuses on joint locks to subdue rather than injure an opponent.
Each school has their own unique mix of grappling and striking techniques depending on how the instructors choose to structure their regimen.
There are many competitions and demonstrations for Jiu Jitsu, it is officially recognized as a sport of the World Games. Since there are many schools and individuals who compete in the events, there are three classifications.
The Duo is where two team members demonstrate defensive techniques as assigned by the judges. The Fighting System is a more aggressive free-fighting competition where opponents are allowed to intermix striking and grappling to force the other into submission. The last competition referred to as Brasilian / Ne Wasa focuses on the grappling aspect of the sport. At this level no striking is allowed. Rules are enforced heavily and tactics which can be potentially harmful are prohibited in the rules and guidelines given to every player before the competition begins. You can learn more about Jiu Jitsu competitions in the US from the United States Jiu Jitsu Federation and the United States Jiu Jitsu Organization.
Competitions and training for Jiu Jitsu are rigorous. Because of this, the uniforms are built specifically for Jiu Jitsu. These uniforms are referred to as a gi, pronounced [gee]. The gi consists of loose-fitting pants with a drawstring and often times reinforced knees. The top is a heavy wraparound jacket. It is held shut with a traditional martial arts belt, the color consistent with the student’s rank. The Jiu Jitsu gi is similar to a Judo gi, but is generally a bit lighter weight. They have narrower sleeves and are cut farther up the arm. The sleeves are designed to help avoid sleeve grabs when competing.
Other martial art gis are not recommended for Jiu Jitsu because they tear easily during grappling practice and competition. The gi is specially made with a heavier thread count to withstand training.
Uniforms are usually provided through the school at a discounted price, or as part of the introductory-rate package.
Because everyone wants to show off their mad skills, like most other martial art disciplines, traditional Jiu Jitsu uses belt colors to indicate rank and ability. Many schools have requirements and competency tests to grade students and award higher belts.
Adult students usually progress from a white belt to a green belt one at a time, usually taking about three months per belt. Depending on the student’s aptitude and the school, moving to a black belt can take from a few months, to a couple years per belt.
Kids may also advance quickly, but many schools award what are known as “tags” which are essentially stripes for demonstrating certain techniques needed to reach the next level. This is to make sure everyone feels and can see that they are indeed progressing.
Jiu Jitsu classes are offered for all ages. It is a prominent form of self-defense martial art and because it balances movement and momentum as opposed to offensive strikes and kicks, it is ideal for learning control. It is the perfect discipline for those looking to foster calm intelligence over blind aggression. It’s a fun and rewarding experience regardless of the student’s background and previous talent.
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Jiu-jitsu, or Jujutsu, is a close combat form of martial arts that originated in Japan and is believed to be an offspring of Judo. The aim of Jiu-jitsu is to enable the student to take on an opponent who is greatly advantaged by having weaponry and perhaps even wearing armor. This martial art form was developed by the famous Japanese samurai warriors, which would serve them as a form of self-defense should they ever lose their swords in combat and would be forced to face an armed opponent. Today, Jiu-jitsu is taught as both a traditional combat style and a competitive sport.
The core philosophies and training techniques involved in combat Jiu-jitsu are reflected by the term’s very meaning: “the art of gentleness, flexibility and yielding.” So, unlike many other forms of martial arts, Jiu-jitsu isn’t an aggressive and offensive fighting style that meets force with force. Rather, it involves manipulating and using an attacker’s force, speed, weight and momentum against him or her.
This makes a lot of sense if you consider why the samurai developed Jiu-jitsu in the first place. There’s not much sense in delivering strikes and kicks to an armored opponent and getting that close to them will only leave you vulnerable to counter-attack. So, the idea behind Jiu-jitsu techniques is to, via a suite of throws and tripping actions, neutralize an attack and leave your opponent vulnerable. Then, you move in to immobilize him or her using a variety of pins, grappling, chokeholds and joint locks.
Jiu-jitsu is typically taught without the need for any equipment, although some schools do offer mastery in a selection of weapons. Jiu-jitsu uniforms typically consist of a white “gi” – the same as is worn in Judo – with a colored belt signifying the rank of skill and achievement. Different Jiu-jitsu schools may insist on different colored uniforms.
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